Originally this city was founded by the Etruscans and was then a Roman colony around 180 BC. During the Roman era, Lucca served as an important gathering place for Julius Caesar and Crassus.
In later years, the city was a self-governing republic for nearly 500 years as part of feudal Italy. During the 19th century, Lucca was conquered by Napoleon, and it finally became part of Unified Italy in 1860. Today, Lucca is a popular sightseer destination and has close ties with Pisa.
For those who love ancient architecture and Medieval constructs, Lucca is a true haven. It is known as the city of a hundred churches boasting such buildings as Lucca Cathedral and San Michele in Foro. Furthermore, the wide-ranging city walls show how many Middle Age settlements would have been defended. Aside from the architecture, Lucca also has some incredible museums, stunning public squares and a fine selection of restaurants and bars.