Lucca was founded by the Etruscans, whose territory covered roughly what is now Tuscany. Afterwards it was a Roman colony around 180 BC. During the Roman era, Lucca served as an important gathering place for Gaius Julius Caesar and Marcus Licinius Crassus.
In later years, the city Lucca was a self-governing independent republic for nearly 500 years as part of feudal Italy. During the 19th century, Lucca was conquered by Napoleon, who installed his sister Elisa Bonaparte Baciocchi as “Princess of Lucca”. Lucca finally became part of the Italy State in 1861. Today, Lucca is a popular sightseer destination and has close ties with Pisa.
Whoever loves ancient architecture and medieval constructs, Lucca is a true haven. It is known as the city of a hundred churches boasting such buildings as Lucca Cathedral and San Michele in Foro. Furthermore, the city walls show how many middle age settlements would have been defended. Aside from the architecture, Lucca also has some worth-to-see museums, stunning public squares and a fine selection of restaurants and bars.